Key Difference – Copper vs Bronze
Many differences can be observed between Copper and Bronze based on their composition, usage, and properties. Copper is a pure chemical element and a natural mineral that can be found mainly in the earth’s crust and water in smaller quantities. In contrast, bronze is an alloy which contains copper as the main constituent with tin and some other metal and non-metal compounds. Bronze alloys have a range of various types, with different compositions; so that different alloys have different properties and applications. Copper is an excellent electrical and thermal conductor. It also has numerous applications in various fields. However, the key difference between copper and bronze is, Copper is a pure chemical element as well as a natural mineral whereas bronze is a metal alloy.
What is Copper?
The word, Copper is derived from the Latin word “cuprum”. It is a chemical element with the symbol Cu and atomic number 29. Copper is a ductile metal possessing very high electrical and thermal conductivity. Copper, due to its excellent electrical and thermal conductivity, resistance to corrosion, formability, and good strength, is used in manufacturing a broad range of industrial products. For example, copper is widely used as a heat and electrical conductor, building material, and in the production of various metal alloys. In addition, pipes and pipe fittings are mostly produced using copper, due to its corrosion resistance.
Copper can be easily and readily soldered and brazed easily with other metals and also can be welded by various arc, gas and resistance methods. Moreover, it can be polished and varnished to obtain desired luster appearance.
What is Bronze?
Bronze is a metal alloy containing copper as the main constituent and tin about 12%. Some other metals and nonmetals or metalloids are also added, depending on the requirements, to obtain desired properties. Most commonly added metals are aluminum, manganese, zinc or nickel. Examples of other components are silicon, phosphorous or arsenic. The addition of various metal and non-metal compounds results in producing a broad range of bronze alloys with various properties.
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